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District Courts

Composition

The District Courts are the court of first instance. Judges of the District Courts are appointed by the Chief Justice under the recommendation of the Judicial Council.

The District Judges are appointed from among the individuals who have a minimum of three years experience as a Class II officer of the Nepalese Judicial Service or or Advocate with minimum practicing experience of eight years. Junior level officials of the Court are appointed by the respective Courts under the recommendation of the Public Service Commission of Nepal.

The District Judges hold their office till the age of sixty-three. They may resign from their office by tendering resignation to the Chief Justice or Chief Justice under the recommendation of the Judicial Council may dismiss them on the ground of incompetence or bad moral conduct or dishonesty.
Power and Functions

The District Courts are responsible for trying all the civil and criminal cases. Section 7 of the Administration of Justice Act of 1991 has empowered the District Courts to try all the cases under their respective jurisdiction.

Execution of Judgements

Tahasildar (Execution Official) of the court is responsible for executing final judicial decisions of the Courts. Keeping coordination with the District Judge she/he has to collect the fine and imprison the offenders sentenced in the criminal offenses. Besides, she/he has to execute the final judgements delivered on various form of civil claims by providing damage, compensation, entitlement, partition, maintenance, monetary payments and so on (whichever applicable) to the concerned.

Administration

The Registrar has to look into the management of the Court under the general guidance of the District Judge. The Registrar is assisted by the officials representing various sections of the Court. She/he is also responsible to receive the petitions and litigation and complete the procedural requirements as specified by the law.
 
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