The District Courts are the court of first instance. Judges of the District
Courts are appointed by the Chief Justice under the recommendation of the Judicial
The District Judges are appointed from among the individuals who have
a minimum of three years experience as a Class II officer of the Nepalese
Judicial Service or or Advocate with minimum practicing
experience of eight years. Junior level officials of the Court are appointed by
the respective Courts under the recommendation of the Public Service Commission
The District Judges hold their office till the age of sixty-three. They
may resign from their office by tendering resignation to the Chief Justice or
Chief Justice under the recommendation of the Judicial Council may dismiss
them on the ground of incompetence or bad moral conduct or dishonesty.
Power and Functions
The District Courts are responsible for trying all the civil and criminal
cases. Section 7 of the Administration of Justice Act of 1991 has empowered
the District Courts to try all the cases under their respective jurisdiction.
Execution of Judgements
Tahasildar (Execution Official) of the court is responsible for executing
final judicial decisions of the Courts. Keeping coordination with the
District Judge she/he has to collect the fine and imprison the offenders
sentenced in the criminal offenses. Besides, she/he has to execute the
final judgements delivered on various form of civil claims by providing
damage, compensation, entitlement, partition, maintenance, monetary payments
and so on (whichever applicable) to the concerned.
The Registrar has to look into the management of the Court under the general
guidance of the District Judge. The Registrar is assisted by the officials
representing various sections of the Court. She/he is also responsible
to receive the petitions and litigation and complete the procedural requirements
as specified by the law.
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